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Almond milk: Health benefits and varieties

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Although almond milk is healthy, the big problem for salt-sensitive people is that it's too high in salt. There is a problem finding local almond milk that's no-added sat or low salt versions in the unsweetened variety. There's no need to add all that salt. With most brands, you're getting 160 to 180 mg of salt per cup. Check out the article, "What the Heck Are You Eating: Almond Milk - Joy Bauer." In fact, here in Sacramento almond milk is so popular, it quickly gets sold out of the natural food aisle coolers, especially the unsweetened varieties.

You can make your own almond milk without adding sugar or salt or anything else other than almonds and water. The trick is to strain it through a cheesecloth so you get a milk-like consistency not full of little pieces of ground almonds that tickle your throat. To make your own almond milk, soak it overnight in a covered jar of water in the refrigerator, then puree or emulsify it in a blender with liquid such as filtered water. Then you strain out all the tiny particles with a fine cheesecloth. Be sure to sterilize the cheesecloth by boiling it in water before you squeeze any food through it.

Too much salt added to some commercial almond milks?

An adequate amount of sodium for adults is between 250 and 500 mg/day. The Tolerable Upper Intake Level (UL) for healthy adults is 2300 mg/day. The 2005 Dietary Guidelines for Americans recommends an upper limit of 1500 mg/day for people over 50 and 1200 mg/day for those over 70. The average American adult consumes 4000 mg/day.

When you're consuming 180 mg of salt each time you enjoy a cup of unsweetened almond milk, it builds up too much salt in your system all day, since some people finish a quart of almond milk daily with cereal, smoothies, or frozen as desserts. Or they use it in baking. The salt adds up. Almonds don't grow on trees full of salt. It's added in commercial almond milk unless you find a brand that says no added salt and no added sugar, or you can make your own.

Too much added sugar or other sweeteners in sweetened almond milk

The next issue is with sweetened almond milk. It's so sweet to those on a no-added sugar regimen that it can surprise a person on a diet of unsweetened beverages with too much sweetness. Most sweetened brands of almond milk contain about 16 grams of sugar per cup. See, "Sugar Shockers: Foods Surprisingly High in Sugar - WebMD " Also you can see, "How many teaspoons in 16 grams of sugar."

There are 4 teaspoons of sugar in one cup of sweetened almond milk, enough to send your blood glucose levels soaring. All that sugar is not good for people with health conditions aggravated by eating sugar-sweetened foods. Most brands add cane sugar to sweeten the almond milk labeled plain or sweetened or flavored such as 'vanilla.' Unless the label says unsweetened, it has sweeteners, either syrups or cane sugar, or some other form of sugar or sweetener.

You can learn how to convert grams of sugars into teaspoons to get a more realistic picture in your mind of how much sugar you're consuming in one cup or one serving. See, " How to convert grams of sugars into teaspoons | MSU Extension."

You don't see many brands that add a pinch of stevia. You don't need added salt or sugar in your almond milk. You can sweeten it yourself if you want sweet, using fruit. And the salt doesn't really make the almond milk taste better, only saltier. If you're on a low-salt diet for high blood pressure, are salt-sensitive, or don't want the salt for medical reasons, you can buy any brand that doesn't add salt or sugar or make your own.

If a product says 16 grams of sugar per cup, there are 4 teaspoons of sugar in it for each 8-ounce cup

Plain almond milk is sweetened, not plain as in unsweetened. In the industry, the difference between plain and unsweetened is that plain means no flavoring added, but sweetener is added. Unsweetened means no added sweeteners. So how much exactly is a gram of sugar? One teaspoon of granulated sugar equals 4 grams of sugar. If you see people sweetening their tea of coffee with one teaspoon of sugar, why would you flow four teaspoons of sugar into a cup of almond milk you're going to pour over already sweet fruit or cereal or use in baking where you're adding other ingredients?

Or simply drinking because you're thirsty? If you're thirsty, try clean, filtered water instead of a cup of liquid with four teaspoons of sugar. That's 16 teaspoons of sugar per quart in your blood stream to hike up the surges in your blood glucose levels. You don't need that much sugar to quench your thirst or moisten your cereal or cream your berries. For thirst, there's always water. For a snack or meal, choose the unsweetened variety or make your own almond milk.

If you are feeding children, don't get their brains addicted to sweet liquids. They'll crave it later on on sodas, candy, and cake or take a step in the direction of diabetes or obesity, if they're predisposed to those conditions. Or at best, they'll use sweet foods to comfort themselves instead of exercise, relaxing music, or meditation.

You can find almond milk in varieties such as chocolate and unsweetened, vanilla and unsweetened, just unsweetened, or sweetened in similar flavors. See, "Is vanilla almond milk healthy? | NutritionFacts.org."

Plain often means sweetened but without vanilla or chocolate flavorings. See, "Chocolate Unsweetened - Almond Breeze." If you're buying unsweetened, check the added salt levels. Then check the various brands to see whether vitamin D2 is added, which is in most brands, or the better quality vitamin D3, more expensive, but what most people are taking when they take quality vitamin D3 supplements.

Some brands add a medley of vitamins to the almond milk, and some add the cheap calcium carbonate rather than the higher quality and more absorbable calcium citrate. If you take supplements, do you still want them in your almond milk? Some people buy expensive supplements but find the cheaper vitamins and minerals end up in their almond milk or other type and brands of various nut milk substitutes.

So get unsweetened if that's what you want. That way at least you can sweeten it yourself, if desired, with fruit or cereal or bake with it savory or sweet foods.

Very few people will add 4 teaspoons of sugar in a cup of tea or coffee, so why does the industry add it to almond milk? The answer may vary with the company, but the effects are very addicting to children and adults who get a dopamine release in their brain when they consumer table sugar, which brings them back to buy more or crave more sweet taste.

What's good about unsweetened almond milk is that it's vegan, has no saturated fats, no cholesterol, is high in calcium and dietary fiber, and is high in riboflavin, vitamin B2. Riboflavin helps your body get energy from carbs and helps in red blood cell production. It also helps to convert the amino acid, tryptophan to another B vitamin called niacin.

Almond milk also is high in magnesium. It's also high in vitamin A, vitamin B12, vitamin E, and zinc. The problem with commercial almond milk is that most brands add too much salt, which makers it very high in sodium. You may wish to check out the article, 6 Health Benefits of Almond Milk.

If you're interested in the calories in almond milk, for most brands, it's only 30, but there usually are 23 calories coming from fat, even though the total fat of a cup of almond milk is only 2.5 g. There's no saturated fat, but you get 0.5 g of polyunsaturated fat and 1.5g of monounsaturated fat in a cup of almond milk.

Another advantage is there's no cholesterol in this vegan beverage. With various brands, the sodium levels tend to vary betwen 160 mg and 180 mg of salt per cup. That's not a low-sodium drink. Low sodium drinks or soups are 140 mg per cup or less, and 115 mg per cup would be ideal, if industries would lower the salt levels in the unsweetened almond milk brands.

You're only getting 2.4 mg of carbohydrates per cup of almond milk. But there's 1 g of protein per cup. And in the unsweetened variety, there' s no added sugars. Check out one of the brands that has approximately these amounts per cup with 160 mg of salt per cup added, "Calories in Silk - Pure Almond Almondmilk, Unsweetened, Vanilla." After all, you're only getting 30 calories per cup of almond milk. One cup is one serving. An issue for some people is who can drink only one cup a day because it tastes so good?

Studies on vanilla flavorings

You can check out two of the in vitro studies that suggest vanillin, one of the many aromatic compounds in vanilla, may be protective against colorectal and cervical cancer. There was also a study showing that vanilla extract may interfere with bacterial communication, concluding vanilla “might promote human health by…preventing bacterial pathogenesis.” Or see an unusual vanilla study published out of Germany in 1999.

Never give a baby sugar in water to calm a crying baby or toddler. It only addicts the baby to sugar and sweet cravings by affecting the dopamine in the kid's brain. Children may remember tastes and smells from infancy, long before the child can put sweet cravings to calm emotions into words.

Whatever a child eats in infancy and as a toddler, the child probably remembers years into the future as a familiar food, particularly if it's reinforced by seeing family members eating similar foods. Also check out the video, The Best Baby Formula.

Almond milk salers are on the rise locally and nationally. A few years ago, almond milk manufacturers posted the biggest dollar sales gains among all nondiary milk substitute-alternative beverages in 2011. Soon sales of almond milk increased by 79 percent. So that as of last year almond milk accounts for 21 percent of the retail market for dairy alternative beverages.

In some natural food stores, you'll also find almond milk yogurt, but not the unsweetened variety. So you can make your own almond milk yogurt. See the recipes, "Almond Milk Yogurt (Homemade In Crockpot) Recipe - Calorie Count" or "How to Make Almond Milk Yogurt: 6 Steps." Or check out, "Almond Milk Yogurt (Homemade In Crockpot) Recipe - Calorie Count."

When you consider the price of almond milk, it’s actually mostly water by weight. You'd get more nutrition from almonds by eating a handful of whole almonds. But too many people are breaking their teeth on raw almonds, particularly if their teeth are brittle or they're aged. If you look at how many almonds are in many commercial containers of almond milk, it might be one cup of almond milk containing the equivalent of only 4 to 5 almonds. But if you make your own almond milk, you can add water to a lot more almonds of your choice, such as a handful or a cup full. If you like the flavor, it really does taste better than some other types of milk substitutes.

Or you may want to try all the varieties of milk substitutes to find out which you like. You can choose from hazel nut, hemp, rice, oat, flax, or soy milk or make your own milk from different types of nuts and seeds.

Some people don't want too much protein in their diets

Almond milk is significantly lower in protein than cow's milk. One cup has just 1 gram of protein compared to dairy milk, which serves up 8 grams per cup, and soy milk, which delivers 6 to 7 grams of protein per cup. Of course, that’s not an issue as long as you’re getting your protein from other sources. Then again, you can add a scoop or less of your favorite protein powder to almond milk to increase the protein content.

You don't need to buy the sweetened variety because if you're making a smoothie, just add fruit such as bananas, apples, or berries, if you want to sweeten your way. Or bake with the almond milk. Most brands of almond milk are fortified with calcium and Vitamin D. Taste it and decide whether almond milk is for you.

Or try a cup or two of almond milk in a raw vegan smoothie of equal amounts of peeled cucumbers, sliced frozen peaches, spinach and green cabbage pureed in your blender. Another way of sweetening the unsweetened variety to the level of sweetness you prefer is to add coconut water. The goal is to have the choice.

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