Hypoallergenic dog breeds can be a great option for some dog lovers who suffer from allergies. No dog is 100% non-allergenic, but some dogs are basically "low-allergy." Though they shed little to no hair and less dander than typical dogs, all dogs will shed some dander - even hairless dogs. Generally, dogs without hair or with continuously growing hair tend to be the most hypoallergenic dogs. However, some of these dogs will need to be kept on a strict grooming schedule. Please note that some people are actually allergic to dog saliva. Unfortunately, there are no specific breeds with "hypoallergenic saliva."
There are also many hybrid dogs that may also work for you, especially the Poodle mixes. Take extra care when adopting a hybrid that only has one hypoallergenic dog in the mix. Pups within the same litter will vary in type.
Please note: One person's allergies may vary greatly from another person's. It is always wise to visit the dog to see if you are allergic to it before you commit. Just because a dog is listed here does not mean it will be good for you personally. This is only a general reference of dogs that are often good for some people.
Potentially Hypoallergenic Dog Breeds
American Hairless Terrier
(In build, the American Hairless Terrier (AHT) is identical to the medium-sized Rat Terrier, from which he is directly descended. The American Hairless is a well-muscled dog with a deep chest, strong shoulders, solid neck and powerful legs. The ears are carried erect when the dog is alert and are called bat, similar to the Rat Terrier's. Tails must be full length. Bobs, either natural or docked are a disqualification. The skin is pink with gray, black, golden or red spots. Hairless-to-hairless breeding always produces completely hairless puppies. Hairless-to-coated mating produces variable results, depending on chance and whether the coated dog is a carrier of the hairless trait. Hairless pups are born with a bit of sparse fuzzy hair all over their body. The pup will shed this fuzz, starting with the head, proceeding backwards, becoming entirely and eternally hairless by the age of six weeks. They do not have tufts of hair on the head, feet and end of tail, as do the Chinese Crested. They do however, have normal eyebrows and whiskers.)
(Basenjis are smooth, muscular, athletic dogs on the small side. The head is wrinkled around the forehead and the muzzle is shorter than the skull, Which is flat. The small, almond-shaped eyes are dark hazel to dark brown. The ears are straight, small, erect and open in the front. The dog's back is level and the legs are straight. The tail is set high and curled over to either side. The coat is short, shiny and fine and comes in pure black, copper, red, chestnut red, or tricolor in combinations of black, tan and white, or black, brindle and white. The AKC standard calls for the dog to have white on the feet, chest and tip of the tail. White legs, blaze and collar are optional. The Basenji does not bark, but rather makes a yodel noise. It also howls, growls and crows, depending on the dog's mood.)
(The Border Terrier is a small, medium-boned sturdy dog. The shoulders and body are narrow. The space between the eyes is relatively wide. The muzzle is short and usually dark, with a slight, moderately broad stop. The nose is black. The teeth are strong with a scissors bite. The small ears are V-shaped, set on the side of the head, dropping forward close to the cheeks and are usually dark in color. The medium-sized eyes are dark hazel in color. The front legs are straight and not too heavy. The medium-sized tail is thicker at the base and tapers. Border Terriers have a short, dense, wiry double coat that comes in red, grizzle and tan, blue and tan, or wheaten. There may be a small amount of white on the chest. A dark muzzle is desired in the show ring.)
Bouvier des Flandres
(The Chacy Ranior has a soft, dense outer coat with an insulating undercoat. They come in a variety of colors that include: tan, liver, black and tan, liver and white, apricot, white, black brindle, and black and white. The eyes should be round with halos of black or dusk gray. The eyes are lined in black with out pink or white pigmentation. The eye color should be dark or smoky brown. The lips are black, fine and never drooping with a scissor bite. The tail is undocked and sickle shaped. The ears are dropped . The feet are round and tight (cat's paw). The Chacy Ranior is balanced with a wide chest and broad shoulders and vigorous with good reach in the forequarters and good hindquarter drive. They are athletic and have done very well in agility and obedience trials. Dogs with an under bite are considered a fault. Dogs with a cork screw tail are considered a fault.)
Chinese Crested (hairless)
Coton De Tulear
Irish Water Spaniel
(The Irish Water Spaniel is the largest of the spaniels. The head is large with a long, square, deep muzzle, with a gradual stop. The large nose is dark liver in color. The teeth meet in a scissors or level bite. The small, brown eyes are almond-shaped. The long ears are set low, hanging close to the head and covered with loose curls. The chest is deep, but narrow. The front legs are straight. The hind quarters are as high as or slightly higher than the shoulders. The webbed feet are round spreading, covered with hair. The tail is low-set and carried level with the back. The coat is covered in long loose curls on the body and shorter hair on the face and tail. The curly outer coat has a dense undercoat that insulates the dog from cold water. There is a topknot of curls on top of the head.)
Kerry Blue Terrier
Lowchen (Little Lion Dog)
(The Miniature Schnauzer is a small, sturdily built, little dog. The body is square in proportion. The strong head is rectangular in shape. The width of the head gets slightly smaller from the years to the eyes. The muzzle is strong and ends rather bluntly. The nose is black. The bite is scissors. The deep-set, small eyes are dark brown in color. Ears set high on the head are often cropped to a point. When the ears are left natural they are small and V-shaped folding close to the head. The front legs are straight. The docked tail is set high and carried erect. The tail is cropped just long enough so that it can be seen over the backline of the dog. Note: it is illegal to crop or dock a dogs ears or tail in most parts of Europe. The Mini Schnauzer has a double coat. The outer coat is wiry and the undercoat is soft. The coat is clipped so it has a bushy beard, mustache and eyebrows. Coat colors include black, white, salt and pepper, and black and silver.)
Native American Indian Dog
(The Native American Indian dog comes in two distinct sizes and two hair coat lengths and two distinct coat color combinations. They can range in color from silver to black from the tortoise shell color to the sacred color of the Native Americans who referred to the broken pattern coat coloring as the "Spirit Dog". Their hair coat can be short and dense, two layers thick, of which the undercoat is wind and water proof, to long haired overcoat with the dense undercoat. Ears are prick and upright, head broad and wide between the eyes with an angular shaped head tapering down to a slender muzzle. The eye ranges in color from brown to amber and almond shaped with a sparkle of intelligence looking out on the world. The tail can be tightly curled as in An Alaskan Malamute or Siberian Husky but preferable breed standards tend towards a long tail held down with sometimes a slight kink or bend in the end. )
Peruvian Inca Orchid
Polish Owczarek Nizinny
Portuguese Water Dog
Soft Coated Wheaten Terrier
Spanish Water Dog
(The Tibetan Terrier is a medium-sized squarely proportioned dog. The head is medium in size with a moderate stop. The nose is black. The teeth meet in a scissors, reverse scissors or level bite. A reversed scissors bite is where the inner surface of the lower teeth touches the outer surface of the upper teeth. The dark brown eyes are large and wide-set. The V-shaped ears are pendant, hanging beside the head. The topline is level and the chest has a brisket that extends down to the top of the elbows. The tail is well-feathered, curling up over the back. The back legs are slightly longer than the front legs. Dewclaws are sometimes removed. The double coat has a soft, woolly undercoat with a long, straight to wavy fine, profuse outer coat. The coat comes in all colors and patterns. )
West Highland White Terrier
Wirehaired Fox Terrier
(The Wirehaired Fox Terrier is a medium sized dog. The skull is flat, moderately narrowing to the eyes. The stop is slight. The muzzle gradually tapers to the black nose. The teeth should meet in a scissors bite. The eyes and eye rims are dark in color. The small V-shaped ears drop forward close to the cheeks. The neck is thick and muscular. The legs are straight. The tail is high set and is usually docked by 1/4, leaving 3/4 of the original length. Note: the practice of docking tails is illegal in most parts of Europe. The wiry coat has dense twisted, hairs similar to the hair on the outside of a coconut. The hairs are so thick and close together that when they are parted you cannot see the skin. It has a short, soft undercoat. The coat is predominately white with black or brown markings. )
Hopefully you opened your mind to other possible breeds when it comes to bringing home a hypo allergenic dog.