This argument sets up a straw man (or, a straw sperm and egg) and knocks it down. It is responding to a fallacious argument that no one has made. To set up a straw man is to make a bad or false argument which is a misrepresentation of an ideology, which in turn makes it easy to knock down, or prove wrong. Yet, it only succeeds in discrediting 1) a misconception in the first place and 2) the person making the pseudo-counter argument.
The argument goes something like this: if an embryo is a human-person then so are sperms and eggs (while separated, before conception). In that case, will Pro-Lifers fight to protect sperms and eggs as well? Within the abortion argument the term “Pro-Life” denotes the protection of babies and not all life such as the life of bacteria, the life of lady bugs, the life of poison ivy, etc.
This seems to come as shocking news to pop-culture and politics but the fact is that babies are made when a sperm and an egg come together and the sperm fertilizes the egg. This is the moment of conception and the moment that marks the beginning of a new life. When a pregnancy occurs a baby is the natural result. A sperm left to on its own to live out the course of its life will come to naught and likewise with an egg. However, when the two come together, life results.
Geneticist Jerome L. LeJeune has stated:
To accept the fact that after fertilization has taken place a new human has come into being is no longer a matter of taste or opinion. The human nature of the human being from conception to old age is not a metaphysical contention, it is plain experimental evidence.
Dr. Hymie Gordon, professor of medical genetics and Mayo Clinic physician stated:
I think we can now also say that the question of the beginning of life—when life begins—is no longer a question for theological or philosophical dispute. It is an established scientific fact. Theologians and philosophers may go on to debate the meaning of life or purpose of life, but it is an established fact that all life, including human life, begins at the moment of conception.
Dr. Micheline Matthew-Roth, a principal research associate at Harvard Medical School’s Department of Medicine states:
It is scientifically correct to say that an individual human life begins at conception, when egg and sperm join to form the zygote, and this developing human always is a member of our species in all stages of life.
Of the millions of spermatozoa within the male, only one single one will fertilize an egg and the rest are discarded (each ejaculation expels some 300 to 400 million sperm). The female produces an egg every month so as to be prepared for fertilization, if the egg is not fertilized within a month it is washed away by her menstrual cycle. This is a biological fact. The issue is that which occurs when the sperm fertilizes the egg.
Here are some relevant essays and books.
Randy C. Alcorn, Why Pro-Life?: Caring for the Unborn and Their Mothers
Randy C. Alcorn, Pro-Life Answers to Pro-Choice Arguments Expanded & Updated
Scott Klusendorf, Pro-Life 101: A Step-by-Step Guide to Making Your Case Persuasively
 The Human Life Bill: Hearings on S. 158 Before the Subcommittee on Separation of Powers of the Senate Judiciary Committee, 97th Congress, 1st Session (1981) see Hank Hanegraaff, The Face that Demonstrates the Farce of Evolution (Nashville: Word Publishing, a Thomas Nelson Co., 1998), p. 99 also Norman L. Geisler, Christian Ethics: Options and Issues (Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Books, 1989), p. 149 also Francis J. Beckwith, Politically Correct Death: Answering the Arguments for Abortion Rights (Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Books, 1993), p. 42
 The Human Life Bill—S. 158, Report 9, see Beckwith, p. 42
 The Human Life Bill—S. 158, Report together with Additional and Minority Views to the Committee on the Judiciary, United States Senate, made by its Subcommittee on Separation of Powers, 97th Congress, 1st Session (1981) see Hanegraaff, p. 145 also Beckwith, p. 43
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