ABCs Guide to Cat Common Poisons- Be cat health aware.
Hopefully, readers found our first and second articles in the series of important ABCs information about common poisons to help you protect your pets. Here’s the third with one more to follow after this one.
Repeating, we say thanks to the Pet Place Veterinarians for their extensive article Your Guide to Common Cat Poisoning, the source for this string of condensed articles on pet poisoning substances that are toxic and can seriously harm cat health. Guard your pet and check if your house, townhouse, mansion or apartment has some of these common poisons setting around where your pet can find them.
Also, watch the video to learn which plants in your garden can harm your pets.
The Pet Place Veterinarians suggest:
General Information. There is not much you can do at home for most poisoning. Call or visit your veterinarian or veterinary emergency facility if you think your pet has been poisoned. For some ingested common poisons, your veterinarian may recommend inducing vomiting before bringing the pet in for examination and treatment. Inducing vomiting of a toxic substance should never be done unless specifically directed by a veterinarian. For topical exposures, bathing in lukewarm water with a mild dish soap can reduce further toxin absorption before the pet is examined and treated by a veterinarian.
Following is the third in a series of a summarized ABC listing of common cat poisoning items. Please refer to the full article for a comprehensive description to help you with your cat health concerns.
Remember, always be sure to keep all toxic poisoning medications out of your cat's reach and keep trash cans covered as a concern for cat health awareness.
ABCs Guide to cat common poisons, N-Q
Naproxen, a popular and effective over-the-counter medication for treating people’s pain & inflammation. Cat health is negatively impacted if they receive toxic levels. The initial toxic effect is bleeding stomach ulcers. In addition to ulcers, increasing doses of naproxen eventually leads to kidney failure in a pet and, if left untreated, can be fatal.
Nicotine, found in many sources, primarily cigarettes, cigars, tobacco, nicotine gum and nicotine patches is one of the major common poisons. The toxic level of nicotine in cats is 5 milligrams of nicotine per pound of body weight… one cigarette has 15 to 25 milligrams of nicotine, patches have 8 to 114 milligrams nicotine. A 10-pound cat need only eat 2-4 cigarettes for toxic signs. Without treatment, nicotine toxicity causes paralysis of breathing muscles & cat may die from an inability to breathe, within a few hours. If your pet has ingested nicotine, call your veterinarian.
Onions toxicity affecting cat health can be caused from raw onions, cooked onions, onion powders or flavorings. Cats lack the enzyme necessary to digest onions properly and this could result in gas, diarrhea or severe gastrointestinal distress. The most common source of onions for cats is in human baby food. Some baby foods have onion powder added for taste.
Organophosphate Insecticides, used to treat insects on our crops and soils, prevent and treat flea infestations, and are used in ant and roach baits. Canine formula should never be used on cats. Overdosing equals toxicity. Organophosphates affect the nerve-muscle junctions. Symptoms include vomiting, diarrhea, drooling, difficulty breathing, muscles tremors, twitching, weakness and paralysis. Prompt veterinary care is required to survive a toxic exposure.
Potpourri. Curious cats often find simmering potpourri pots irresistible. Not only are burns a potential problem but the potpourri is caustic. Ingesting or even licking the potpourri can result in chemical burns to the tongue, throat and esophagus. Severely burned cats may require hospitalization with feeding tubes until the wounds heal.
Pyrethrin and Permethrin Insecticides, commonly used to kill fleas. Toxicity related to pyrethrins usually linked with using more of product than directed. Permethrin. a stronger synthetic insecticide, has much greater potential for toxicity. Permethrin based topical flea products are usually labeled "for use in dogs only." Cat will usually show toxic signs in 6 hours, including drooling, lethargy, muscle tremors, vomiting and seizures. Do not use flea shampoo to treat. Contact vet immediately.
Plants – Toxicity of Common Plants in the House. House plants are popular additions to many rooms. Usually, plants and pets live together harmoniously, although some curious pets often venture to take a little taste. The title link will take you to 20 of the most popular houseplants and their levels of toxicity.
Plants – Fall and Winter. This link takes you to the common plants associated with the fall and winter holidays.
Plants – Spring and Summer. Springtime holidays are often associated with bulb plants and ingestion of the bulbs can cause the most severe illnesses. Summer holidays are associated with plants. This link takes you to the common plants associated with the spring and summer months.
Poison Ivy and Oak. The principal toxin in poison oak and poison ivy is urushiol, an oil resin in plant sap. Animals very resistant to effects of urushiol but can spread toxin to people. Dogs & cats usually contact poison ivy or poison oak plants, ingesting some but, more likely, rub against it while walking. Sap from the plant adheres to hair coat. Later, sap transfers from fur to your skin. In animals, exposure to urushiol rarely causes skin irritation.
For more information go to: Your Guide to Common Cat Poisonings