ABCs Guide to Cat Common Poisons- Be cat health aware.
Here’s our second article in the series of important ABCs information about common poisons to help you protect your pets.
And be sure to click on and watch the video Pet Poisons in Your Home.
Again, we want to say thanks to the Pet Place Veterinarians for their extensive article Your Guide to Common Cat Poisoning, the resource for this series of abridged articles on pet poisoning substances that are toxic and can earnestly harm cat health. Protect your pet and see if your house or apartment has any of these common poisons laying around where your pet can get at them
The Pet Place Veterinarians suggest:
General Information. There is not much you can do at home for most poisoning. Call or visit your veterinarian or veterinary emergency facility if you think your pet has been poisoned. For some ingested poisons, your veterinarian may recommend inducing vomiting before bringing the pet in for examination and treatment. Inducing vomiting of a toxic substance should never be done unless specifically directed by a veterinarian. For topical exposures, bathing in lukewarm water with a mild dish soap can reduce further toxin absorption before the pet is examined and treated by a veterinarian.
Following is the second in a series of an abbreviated ABC listing of common cat poisoning item discussions. Please refer to the complete article for an expanded version to help you with your cat health concerns.
Remember, always be sure to keep all poisoning medications out of your cat's reach and keep trash cans covered.
ABCs Guide to cat common poisons, H-M
Herbal Medications. Most plants used have beneficial properties… remember strength of the plant's active ingredients will vary. Herbs can be sprayed with toxic pesticides, fungicides or fertilizers. Onion, garlic, pennyroyal and ginseng… a few of the commonly used herbal preparations & cause toxic poisoning reactions if used inappropriately. Many have vomiting and diarrhea as side effect to your pet.
Ibuprofen. … popular & effective over-the-counter med available to treat pain and inflammation in people. For cats, ibuprofen can easily exceed toxic levels. The initial toxic effect to a pet is bleeding stomach ulcers. In addition to ulcers, increasing doses of ibuprofen eventually lead to kidney failure and, if left untreated, can be fatal. Symptoms … poor appetite, vomiting, black tarry stools, vomiting blood, abdominal pain, weakness & lethargy. Cats more sensitive to effects of ibuprofen than dogs… one tablet can cause rapid kidney failure & subsequent death.
Inhaled Toxins are common poisons to cats. Carbon monoxide poisoning is typically associated with confinement in a running vehicle but can also occur in a home with improper ventilation and faulty furnaces. See article on ABCs A-G. Smoke inhalation is another common inhaled toxin. Living next to a chemical manufacturing plant would be a consideration for inhaled toxin poisonings.
Iron. … chemical element important to red blood cell production… found in supplements and vitamins. Toxic levels cause stomach and intestinal lining damage & severe liver damage & heart damage. First signs mostly occur within six hours of eating toxic amount… Bleeding disorders, diarrhea … liver failure, shock and possible coma. can occur. See vet immediately if you suspect iron toxicity.
Lead. … toxicity refers to common poisons due to ingestion or inhalation of products containing lead. Pets exposed to lead from different sources. Lead toxicity can cause anemia (low red blood cell count), gastrointestinal symptoms (vomiting, diarrhea) & nervous system problems (seizures). Lead crosses the placenta from pregnant mother to babies & excreted in her milk. … developing fetus & nursing young can be affected. See vet if you suspect lead exposure.
Marijuana… primary active ingredient tetrahydrocannabinol or THC… takes 1.5 grams of marijuana per pound of body weight to be fatal. Death from ingested marijuana not common… pets ingesting marijuana become uncoordinated & begin stumbling… quite lethargic… hallucinations. Danger of marijuana … vomiting … if pet intensely lethargic & vomiting, aspiration of vomitus into lungs leads to breathing problems and even death.
Medication. Never give any medication, prescription or over-the-counter, without approval from your veterinarian….medications that can have serious effects on animals if not used correctly include: pseudoephedrine, aspirin, acetaminophen, ibuprofen, Imodium, diphenhydramine, diazepam, Percodan and Claritan. If your pet has ingested an unprescribed medication, contact your vet or local vet emergency facility.
Metaldehyde. Metaldehyde poisoning results from ingestion of products containing active ingredient metaldehyde. ... ingredient used in molluscicides, products used to kill snails and slugs... baits contain three percent metaldehyde & formulated as blue / green colored pellets, powder, liquid / granules. Use of molluscicides increases exposure risk for pets… metaldehyde dosage … lethal 50% cats…toxicity causes neurological symptoms…1 - 4 hours post exposure. Repeated seizures lead to fatal complications.
Metronidazole. (Flagyl®)…commonly used very effective antibiotic… metronidazole toxicity uncommon, generally associated with prolonged use / high doses. Pets with liver disease more prone metronidazole toxicity. Toxic levels of metronidazole affect brain & equilibrium. Symptoms: not eating, vomiting, staggering or difficulty walking, involuntary & constant eye movements, lethargy & seizures.
Mushrooms. Poisoning occurs result of ingesting toxic mushrooms… commonly associated curious kittens. Not all mushrooms poisonous, but poisonous mushrooms cause different signs of illness. Poisonous mushrooms classified into four main categories, based on clinical signs they cause, or seven categories, based on toxins they contain. … from minutes to hours following ingestion..signs may include: vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain, lethargy, jaundice (yellow skin color), seizures, coma and/or excess salivation. Contact your veterinarian immediately.
Mycotoxins….. mold-secreted toxic substances … usually ingested when cats raid trash…certain moldy foods result in signs of illness, whole body tremors. Untreated, tremors worsen, can progress to seizures. Cat's body temperature rises, heat-related worries occur. Most commonly implicated moldy foods, dairy products & pasta, any mold may develop specific toxins. Cats that do not receive treatment may not survive.
For more information go to: Your Guide to Common Cat Poisonings