Puzzles have been around for a great while. In a puzzle, one is required to put pieces together in a logical way to complete an object or a solution. One of the earliest puzzles is that of the Cardan. In 1550, an Italian mathematician who specialized in algebraic equations created a type of bar with rings on it. The rings were arranged so that only the ring at one end could be taken on and off without problems There have been many other puzzles created over time. Here is a popular Victorian puzzle from 1918. It was written in a book entitled the Canterbury Puzzles by Henry Ernest Dudeney. See if you can solve it!
The Host's Puzzle
"Perhaps no puzzle of the whole collection caused more jollity or was found more entertaining than that produced by the Host of the "Tabard," who accompanied the party all the way. He called the pilgrims together and spoke as follows: "My merry masters all, now that it be my turn to give your brains a twist, I will show ye a little piece of craft that will try your wits to their full bent. And yet methinks it is but a simple matter when the doing of it is made clear. Here be a cask of fine London ale, and in my hands do I hold two measures—one of five pints, and the other of three pints. Pray show how it is possible for me to put a true pint into each of the measures." Of course, no other vessel or article is to be used, and no marking of the measures is allowed. It is a knotty little problem and a fascinating one. A good many persons to-day will find it by no means an easy task. Yet it can be done." - Canterbury Puzzles, Dudeney.