Home to Rajputs- Udaipur was the capital of Rajput kingdom of Mewar, ruled by the Sisodia clan. Udaipur was founded in 1553 by Rana Udai Singh, father of great Maharana Pratap. It is also known for its Rajput-era palaces. The city is located in the fertile circular valley-"Girwa" to the southwest of Nagda, on the Banas River, the first capital of the Mewar kingdom.
Udaipur is also known as the "Venice of the East" the "Most Romantic City of India" and the "Kashmir of Rajasthan" (a reference to Dal Lake) and not without reason. Visitors visit to this delightful city in the heart of the Aravalli Hills, which has three interconnected lakes: Fateh Sagar Lake, Lake Pichhola and the smaller Swaroop Sagar Lake. With its forts, palaces, temples, gardens, mountains and narrow lanes lined with stalls in the medieval historic center, Udaipur is a living memory of a heroic past with valor and chivalry.
Udaipur is located in the southern region of Rajasthan and is close to Gujarat. It has five major lakes such as Fateh Sagar Lake, Rangsagar Lake, Pichola Lake, Swaroopsagar Lake, Dudh Talai Lake and Udaisagar Lake which are under restoration with funds provided by the National Lake Conservation Plan (NLCP) of the Government of India. Beside glistening Lake Pichola, with the ochre and purple ridges of the wooded Aravalli Hills stretching away in every direction, Udaipur has a romantic setting unmatched in Rajasthan and arguably in all over India. Scenic Lake Pichola is home to a breathtaking Lake Palace which is a major attraction and now a heritage palace hotel.
Udaipur is the city enriched with lots of palaces and havelis. One of the famous among others is City palace. Standing on the east bank of Lake Pichola has an array palaces built at different times from 1559. The balconies of the palace provide panoramic views of the "Jag Niwas". The Mor-chowk (Peacock courtyard), gets its name from the mosaics in glass decorating its walls. The chini chitrashala is noteworthy while a series of wall paintings of Krishna are on display in Bhim Vilas. There are numerous other places such as Dilkhush mahal, Sheesh mahal, Moti mahal and Krishna vilas - in memory of a princess of striking beauty who poisoned herself to avert a bloody battle for her hand by rival princes. Now the palace contains many antique articles, paintings, decorative furniture and utensils and attracts thousands of visitors every day. Celebration mall (highest rated mall of Rajasthan) that is India's first and only heritage mall, is now serving as a tourist attraction destination.
The Lake Palace was established by Maharana Jagat Singh in the year 1743. It is located on the Jag Niwas Island and covers the whole of 1.5 hectare of the island in the middle of the Pichola Lake. This royal summer palace is now converted in to a five star palace hotel. The structural design looks like an excellent taste of intricate craftsmanship and the ethnic themes using the textiles and handicrafts all over the palace and it seems to be the fairy tale book.
Udaipur is the city of lovely combination of water and blossoming green hills. It is also known as the Lake city and called the Venice of the East.
It is an artificial fresh water lake and was created in the year 1362 AD, named after the Picholi village. The lake is surrounded with the developed palaces, marble temples, family mansions, and bathing ghats. The famous Lake Palace (now converted into a heritage hotel Taj Lake Palace) is located in the middle of the lake. Two islands, Jag Niwas and Jag Mandir, are located within Pichola Lake.
Fateh Sagar Lake
This enthralling lake, surrounded by hills and woodland was constructed by Maharana Jai Singh to the north of Lake Pichola. It is an artificial lake dug up in 1678, reconstructed by Maharana Fateh Singh and to the northwest of Udaipur. Within the confines of Fateh Sagar Lake, there are three small islands. The beautiful Nehru Island as well as an islet bearing a solar observatory rises from the lake.
The name is driven after the impressive historic fort of Kumbhalgarh, which come into the view over the park. The sanctuary is located in the most rocky hills known as Aravalli hills in Pali.
It covers an area of 578 sq kms and is located at an elevation of 500 to 1300m. It is niche to a very large variety of wildlife, some of which are highly endangered species. The wildlife includes wolf, leopards, sloth bear, hyena, jackal, jungle cat, smabhar, nilgai, chaisingh (the four horned antelope), chinkara and hare.
Kumbhalgarh’s natural beauty attracts many visitors and especially for its accessibility from Udaipur, which is 100 Kms. Foot tracking and horse safari organized by local tour operators are proving to be very popular. On this road, one can sight Chinkaras, Neelgais, four horned Antelope and many birds.
Udaipur receives a vast number of tourists from all over the world every year. Bhil tribes are still present in the city. People use to wear bright colorful clothes. Because of its picturesque and scenic locations, Udaipur has been the shooting location for many Hollywood and Bollywood movies. Colorful festivals and fairs depict the cultural prosperity of Udaipur.
The best time for the visitors to visit the city is during the winters, preferably September to March. The climate of Udaipur is tropical, with the mercury staying between a maximum of 42.3°C and a minimum of 28.8°C during summers. Winters are mild with the maximum temperature rising to 28.8°C and the minimum dipping to 2.5°C.