Fort Necessity National Battlefield is a National Battlefield commemorates events leading to the French and Indian War. The park is just north of West Virginia in southwest Pennsylvania.
Archaeological research discovered the original fort position, shape and design. This facilitated a replica of the fort to be constructed in the 1970’s. Reconstruction of the fort stockade, storehouse, entrenchments and battlefield continue to be done to be more historically accurate, with improved informative signage.
A visitor center was constructed October 2005. The museum’s exhibit area tells the story of archaeological research, and rediscovery of the fort. An audiovisual room shows a 20-minute movie, ‘The Road of Necessity’. Rangers are on duty with tours, talks, and demonstration of historic weapons with answers to questions. The Great Meadow and Fort Necessity is a short hike from the visitor center.
The Battle of Fort Necessity was an early battle of the French and Indian War on July 3,1754. It resulted in surrender of the British colonial forces under Colonel George Washington to the French and Indians under Louis Coulon de Villers.
Hours of operation
Open daily from sunrise to sunset
Open daily 9:00 AM – 5:00 PM
Children under 15 free
Fort Necessity National Battlefield
Farmington, PA 15437
Mount Washington Tavern is within the park boundaries on a hillside next to the battlefield. It is a classic example of period inns along National Road. It operated as a stage stop from 1828 until 1855 then for the next 75 years it was used as a private home. The state of Pennsylvania purchased the tavern in 1932 including it with Fort Necessity. General Braddock's gravesite is 1 mile northwest of the battlefield with a monument at his final resting place.
Benner’s Meadow Run Campground is 3 miles northeast of Fort Necessity National Battlefield at 315 Nelson Road. It is open mid April to mid October providing typical campground facilities plus cabins.
Ohiopyle State Park is 9 miles northeast of Fort Necessity National Battlefield. The state parks 20,500 acres of natural beauty are best known for whitewater activities. It’s regarded having the best whitewater in the country, attracting millions of adventurers each year.
Farmington's 767 population is the closest township to Fort Necessity, and 50 miles southeast of Pittsburgh. Uniontown a city of population 10,372 is 11 miles north west of Fort Necessity and 50 miles southeast of Pittsburgh. It was founded on July 4, 1776 playing a significant role with the Underground Railroad in assisting escaping slaves from the south find freedom.
Fort Necessity National Battlefield is a 5 ½ hour drive of 355 miles from Rochester NY. Drive west on I-90 to Erie PA then south on US 79 then US 76 before Pittsburgh. Drive route 119 south to Uniontown and route 40 east following signs to Fort Necessity National Battlefield.
Here is one visitor’s impression of their stopover.
“Any history buff will have a great time enjoying the sites in the area.”