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4 stalks of celery or 6 tablespoons of ground flaxseeds? Lowering blood pressure

Can four stalks of celery really lower your blood pressure? Which is better for lowering too-high blood pressure, 6 to 8 tablespoons of ground flaxseed (as flax seed meal) or four stalks of celery, raw or cooked?

Can four stalks of celery or 6 tablespoons of ground flaxseeds really lower your blood pressure?
Photo by Peter Macdiarmid/Getty Images

Or do they both work pretty good? Sometimes results depend upon whether your high blood pressure is caused by too much renin in your body, due to genetic variation in your kidneys, or whether it's due to water retention, due to metabolic syndrome, or due to other causes. Nutritional physiology can be a fascinating subject to read.

What you eat may depend upon whether you need to lower your LDL cholesterol as well as your blood pressure and whether you also need to lower your fasting blood glucose level. That's where different studies show results using different foods. People interested in natural food-centric ways to lower blood pressure and in some cases where needed, also lower fasting blood glucose levels with a bit of cinnamon, may want to know which food works best, or are celery and ground flaxseed remedies similar in how they help lower blood pressure?

The ground flax seeds actually are providing more fiber in your diet to absorb cholesterol and other substances and more omega 3 fatty acids, and the celery stalks may work by inhibiting angiotensin-converting enzymes

Can four stalks of celery really lower your blood pressure if you eat it one week on and three weeks off? Check out the article, "Celery studies yield blood pressure boon - 3-n-butyl phthalide chemical contained in celery," Science News, May 9, 1992 by Carol Ezzell. This article has been referred to frequently when writing about using foods as medicine. Mention of the details contained in this article appear in the book, New Foods for Healing, by Selene Yeager and the Editors of Prevention Health Books, published by Bantam Books in 1998. References to some of the details of various research studies on celery appear on pages 171-173.

Celery is a traditional Asian folk remedy for high blood pressure. Researchers at the University of Chicago Medical Center to put one man’s folkloric remedy to the scientific test. Researchers keep looking into foods that may inhibit angiotensin-converting enzymes. Too many people still think the idea of celery helping lower blood pressure of people with high blood pressure not caused by tumors is an urban myth.

No, it's ancient Chinese medicine that has been tested. But does it work for most people? Perhaps it may work only if your high blood pressure is caused by too much renin in your blood produced by your kidneys or perhaps combined with salt-sensitivity, since celery still has some salt. But your body needs a little salt to survive. That's why celery has been tested and testing continues.

According to the September 7, 2010 article in the Sacramento Bee newspaper, by Lauran Neergaard, Associated Press, "Test may better tailor blood-pressure meds: Studies find hypertension rises if drugs don't match hormone," how true this plays out. Also see the article, Debate over whether renin levels should be measured routinely.

Taking a drug that's not a match can trigger a jump in your blood pressure. What if you need treatment for high blood pressure in order to lower your kidney's too-high renin levels, but instead you're given a water pill, a diuretic as the first line of treatment? It could make your blood pressure soar even higher. Talk to your doctor before you're given the so-called first-line of treatment , which might be a "water pill" when you walk into a doctor's office and have your blood pressure measured. Find out first if the high blood pressure is caused by too much renin.

Doctors can't treat hypertension as if it is one condition. Different people have different reasons why their blood pressure is too high. It's going to be too high renin levels, a tumor, or too much salt and water. One of those three conditions needs to be verified by a blood test or other medical means. If a genetic variant in the kidneys are producing too much renin, a hormone in the blood stream, then the patient may have constricted arteries. That's why a test is necessary other than a general exam.

You won't find a routine test yet for that renin hormone. And that's the problem in Sacramento and elsewhere. It's going to be some time, a long wait perhaps, before such a test is routinely given. Some doctors are still skeptical. If you look at the research over the past few years, there's no clear benefit, according to the September 7, 2010 Sacramento Bee (Associated Press) article, "Test may better tailor blood-pressure meds." Also check out the August 19, 2010 article published at the Severe Hypertension.Net site, "Blood pressure test may help guide treatment."

What Are Some Food Remedies To Slightly Lower Blood Pressure That Are Being Tested?

Scientists also found the ingredients in aged Gouda cheese may offer some benefits. Japanese investigators are researching fermented milk products such as kefir. The Chinese folkloric remedy is to eat four stalks of celery daily.

Also see the book, Best Choices from the People’s Pharmacy, page 388. A section in the book mentions the celery remedy. But they note, 8 stalks of celery. Other sources reiterate 4 stalks of celery were used in Mr. Le's celery remedy brought to the attention of the University of Chicago investigation. Here's how the first research on celery and hypertension in a science research environment may have begun.

In 1992, at the University of Chicago Medical Center, Mr. Minh Le, father of a University of Chicago medical student, had been diagnosed with hypertension, decided that instead of cutting back on salt, as advised by his physician, he wanted to use a traditional Chinese remedy for high blood pressure.

Traditional Chinese medicine recommended eating about four stalks of celery (about a quarter pound) daily for a one-week stretch and cutting out the celery for the following three weeks before resuming the regimen. Mr. Minh Le also refused to take the standard blood pressure medications prescribed by his physician, according to the book, The New Healing Herbs, by Michael Castleman.

The New Healing Herbs, book also reports that Mr. Minh Le ate the four celery stalks for one week and took three weeks off. Within a week his blood pressure dropped from 158/96 to 118/82.

Mr. Minh Le, through his son, brought this ancient Chinese folkloric remedy to researchers to test at the University of Chicago Medical Center, where the investigators tested animals by injecting the mammals with a small amount of 3-n-butyl phthalide, a chemical compound that is found in celery. Mr. Minh Le's son, Quang Le, and University of Chicago pharmacologist, William Elliot, Ph.D isolated the compound,3-n-butyl phthalide and injected rats with the equivalent amount of what's found in four stalks of celery.

Not only did the rat's blood pressure drop 13 percent in a week, but the rats' cholesterol levels also dropped by seven percent. The high fiber in the celery helped to lower the cholesterol levels in the animal experiement.

The chemical that reduced the animals' blood pressure readings turned out to be phthalide. It's known in scientific circles that phthalide relaxes the muscles and arteries that regulate blood pressure.

When arteries, blood vessels, and muscles are relaxed, the blood vessels then dilate, according to the researchers. Phthalide is a chemical that also reduced the amount of "stress hormones," called catecholamines, in the blood. Don't confuse 'phthalide' which relaxes muscles and arteries that comes from celery with 'phthalates,' which are chemicals leaching from plasticizers and plastics.

Interestingly, stress hormones also raise blood pressure since catecholamines constrict blood vessels. Even though there were no such invention as blood pressure monitors in ancient China, Asian folk medicine practitioners using traditional Chinese folk medicine, advised their own hypertension patients for the past thousand years to eat four to five celery-stalks every day for a week, then stop for three weeks.

Then start again for one week on celery and three weeks off celery. How did they know who had hypertension if high blood pressure doesn't show symptoms unless it's very serious? Be careful if you’re salt sensitive.

One stalk of celery does contain about 35 milligrams of sodium. Some people may be so salt-sensitive, then even a small amount of salt may cause blood pressure to go up rather than down. However, everyone needs a basic amount of salt found in whole foods.

You can’t live without a certain base level of salt. Talk to your doctor about how much sodium you need if you're salt sensitive. You can also take a multiple mineral supplement that contains sodium, but not sodium chloride.

It’s sodium chloride that raises blood pressure, not sodium, as found in baking soda, for some people. Find out which category you're in. But if you’re salt sensitive, talk to your doctor. Same goes if you have kidney disease or injury. By eating foods such as canned fish packed in water without added salt, you’ll still be getting some salt.

Then again, if you eat too much celery, it’s dangerous if you have salt-sensitive hypertension. Are four stalks of celery going to be helpful or too much? There’s also an herbicide built into the celery. It’s made of several compounds called psoralens, that protect celery from fungi.

The psoralens may also harm you. So don’t go overboard with celery because the psoralens could make your skin so sensitive to sunlight, that you’ll burn after spending a very short time in the sun.

Runners have been known to suffer from celery shock caused by exercising after eating celery. Be careful if you decide to eat four stalks of celery at a sitting. Can it help you? Find out by working with your doctor, naturopath, or nutritionist.

Celery Stops Tumor Cells from Growing

Celery contains acetylenics, compounds that stop tumor cells from growing. Also, compounds in celery called phenolic acids block the action of hormone-like substances called prostaglandins. Do prostaglandins encourage the growth of tumor cells? See the article, "Health Benefits of Celery."

According to the article, "Health Benefits of Celery." Studies found that "celery contains a at least eight compounds that help prevent cancer cells from spreading. Certain compounds called acetylenics have been shown to stop the growth of tumor cells."

Celery also contains compounds called "phonolic acids that block the action of hormone-like substances called prostaglandins, which encourage the growth of tumor cells." Coumarins, another phytonutrient in celery "helps prevent free-radicals from damaging cells and prevent the formation and development of colon and stomach cancers."

Can Celery Starve Cancer Cells?

Celery is known to contain at least eight families of anti-cancer compounds. A study at Rutgers University of New Jersey found that celery contains a number of compounds that help prevent cancer cells from spreading.

The researchers found that celery contains compounds called acetylenics shown to stop the growth of tumor cells. The phonolic acids in celery help to block the action of hormone-like substances called prostaglandins, which encourage the growth of tumor cells. Coumarins, another phytonutrient in celery helps prevent free-radicals from damaging cells and prevent the formation and development of the colon and stomach cancers. Read more on the healing effects of celery and celery juice in the article, "The Incredible Powers of Celery Juice," by Sheryl Walters, published in Natural, October 24, 2008 .

Research is ongoing and promising pointing in the direction that celery could lower your blood pressure and at the same time block tumor cells from growing in your body. Keep reading the latest research to see how many human trials compared to animal research studies have been done using celery compounds to see whether or how they block tumor cell growth.

Celery works cooked or raw. An eight-ounce cup of celery, raw or cooked, contains about 9 milligrams of vitamin-C, 15 percent of the Daily Value (DV); 426 milligrams of potassium, 12 percent of the DV; and 60 milligrams of calcium, 6 percent of the DV. Also helpful as a cooking spice or fragrant salad dressing alternative to salt and pepper are celery seeds.

Can flaxseed meal with a little cinnamon lower high blood pressure and help normalize fasting blood glucose levels?

You might check out an excellent article in the February/March 2014 issue of Townsend Letter by Dr. Jeremy Mikolai, ND, "Basic Lifestyle Interventions for High Blood Pressure and Cholesterol." The article discusses how to get more fiber to reduce blood pressure. For example, Dr. Mikolai encourages patients to make small daily dietary interventions that can accumulate to large changes in their lipid profile, blood pressure, and metabolic syndrome traits. For example, the article discusses helping patients move in the direction of consuming 40 to 50 grams of fiber each day, for some.

The diet discussed in the article advises patients to get 50% soluble fiber and 50% insoluble fiber. Fiber helps to bind up cholesterol, says the article. The reason for this much insoluble fiber is that it helps to keep cholesterol moving out of the body through the stool. The article states that increased dietary fiber can lower LDL-c 5% to 10% as it may help decrease blood pressure and body weight. The medical journal article reference to this is the study and PDF format article, "Lowering LDL-cholesterol through diet: potential role in the statin era." Current Opinion in Lipidology, 2011, 22:43–48.

Dr. Mikolai's article discusses how flaxseed meal and cinnamon can bring rapid improvements in blood pressure

The Townsend Letter article explains that in small clinical trails, just 30 grams a day of ground flax seed (flax seed meal) added to the diet during a six-month period can result in blood pressure reductions of up to 10/7 mmHg in the flax seed group when compared with controls.

Even participants who started the trial with the most severe high blood pressure showed even greater reductions in blood pressure of 15/7 mmHg. The reference article in a medical journal that Dr. Mikolai gives for this statement is "Potent antihypertensive action of dietary flaxseed in hypertensive Patients," published in the journal Hypertension. (E-published October 14, 2013).

Also you may wish to see, "Flaxseed may reduce blood pressure, early findings show -" And you may wish to check out the articles, "Artery-Dilating Flaxseed Proven A Potent Healer" or "Potent Antihypertensive Action of Dietary Flaxseed in hypertensive patients." According to that study's abstract, flaxseed induced one of the most potent antihypertensive effects achieved by a dietary intervention.

Ground flaxseed is an excellent source of soluble and insoluble fiber full of plant sterols

The ground flaxseed (meal) helps to lower cholesterol and also at the same time decrease the body's absorption of carbohydrates if you're eating carbs with the flax seed meal. Besides the plant sterols in the flax seed meal, (freshly ground flax seeds) there's also the omega 3 oils (alpha-linolenic acid) in that flaxseed meal.

If you're buying flax seeds, you may want to choose organic golden flax seeds and grind them in an electric coffee grinder into a fresh meal consistency. Dr. Mikolai's article recommends 6 to 8 tablespoons of flax seed meal daily in order to get a blood pressure reducing benefit. That's also the amount of 10 grams of fiber added to your diet. That amount also adds up to about 40 mg of plant sterols. Plants have sterols and stanols. Plant sterols also are known as phytostanols. Plant stanols are cholesterol-like compounds found in plant products, such as grains, nuts, vegetables and fruits.

If you don't like flax seeds ground into meal, you could use psyllium supplements, oats, oat meal, oat groats, steel-cut oatmeal, or barley. Then again, people who can't tolerate the gluten in barley probably would choose the flax seeds. Just be aware that some articles explain that if you exceed 6 tablespoons of flaxseed meal daily, it might affect or overstimulate your thyroid. See, "Flaxseed oil may cause a thyroid problem." Or check out, "Talking Thyroid Facts - Vegetarian & Vegan Foundation."

Cinnamon intake also discussed

Dr. Mikolai's article in the Townsend Letter also discusses cinnamon added to the diet. Since there are so many articles on liver toxicity from regular commercial cinnamon you find in most food markets, you might try Ceylon cinnamon which has less of those liver toxins attributed to the type of cinnamon found in most commercial containers found in supermarkets. See the Wall Street Journal article "Ceylon Cinnamon vs. Cassia Cinnamon: Which Is Healthier?"

You may find various past studies on cinnamon conflicting. Too much cinnamon can cause a fast heartbeat. And too much of one type of cinnamon can be toxic to the liver. See, "Coumarin In Cinnamon Causes Liver Damage In Some People." So if you take a bit of cinnamon, choose the variety with less of the toxin that may cause liver damage. One example might be choosing the Ceylon variety of cinnamon instead of the variety containing more of the coumarin.

Some past studies didn't show a benefit to controlling high blood sugar with cinnamon. But more recent studies on the use of cinnamon for decreasing too high blood sugar levels did show effects and also effects on cholesterol levels. So you might read the various recent studies and get a handle on what some of the studies showed.

Cinnamon and fasting blood glucose levels

For example, in Dr. Mikolai's article in the Townsend Letter, the cinnamon studies discussed showed that cinnamon consumption significantly decreased fasting plasma glucose levels. What you'd want to know is whether the insulin surges were high or low, not only what the fasting blood sugar levels were after cinnamon consumption. And how much cinnamon is safe for an individual? Some people react one way to cinnamon, and others react adversely.

Dr. Mikolai's article in Townsend letter did mention that cinnamon mildly raised HDL-c levels. You should know that the article also mentions the various studies used different types and amounts of cinnamon, measured different outcomes, and conducted the studies in different ways, says Dr. Mikolai's article. So to get a handle, you have to do your own informational research.

In Dr. Mikolai's article, he mentions that in his practice, a typical recommendation for ground cinnamon is just 1/4 to 1/2 of a teaspoon three times daily with meals. You can check out Dr. Mikolai's website for more information on his practice in the field of naturopathic medicine at the Center for Natural Medicine (CNM) (Cardiovascular Medicine Center for Natural Medicine, Inc.) in Portland, Oregon. The whole point is that there are natural solutions using food such as ground flax seed and/or cinnamon for different and various health issues if you research what the latest studies are finding. Your goal is to get a handle on the latest research and find out what's the best fit, what works best for your health as an individual.

Protein supplements are misused by athletes. A University of Montreal study reveals worrying habits by fitness enthusiasts

In studies by different researchers, scientists are finding that protein supplements don't improve performance or recovery time and, according to a 2010 study, such supplements are inefficient for most athletes. "They are often poorly used or unnecessary by both high-level athletes and amateurs," says Martin Fréchette, a researcher and graduate of the Université de Montréal Department of Nutrition, according to the January 19, 2010 news release, "Protein supplements are misused by athletes."

Fréchette submitted questionnaires to 42 athletes as part of his master's thesis. Sportsmen were asked about their use of supplements while keeping a journal of their eating habits for three days. They came from a variety of disciplines including biathlon, cycling, long-distance running, swimming, judo, skating and volleyball.

Nine athletes out of 10 reported food supplements on a regular basis

They consume an average of 3,35 products: energy drinks, multi-vitamins, minerals and powdered protein supplements. Fréchette found their knowledge of food supplements to be weak. "The role of proteins is particularly misunderstood," he warns, according to the news release. "Only one out of four consumers could associate a valid reason, backed by scientific literature, for taking the product according."

Despite the widespread use of protein supplements, 70 percent of athletes in Fréchette's study didn't feel their performance would suffer if they stopped such consumption. "More than 66 percent of those who believed to have bad eating habits took supplements. For those who claimed to have 'good' or 'very good' eating habits that number climbs to 90 percent."

90 percent of athletes claim to have good or very good eating habits

Fréchette stresses that supplements come with certain risks. "Their purity and preparation aren't as controlled as prescription medication," he explains in the news release, "Protein supplements are misused by athletes." "Sports supplements often contain other ingredients than those listed on the label. Some athletes consume prohibited drugs without knowing." Also check out the news release, "Ballerinas and female athletes share quadruple health threats."

A study led by sports medicine researcher Anne Hoch, D.O., at The Medical College of Wisconsin in Milwaukee has revealed that young female professional dancers face the same health risks as young female athletes when they don't eat enough to offset the energy they spend, and stop menstruating as a consequence. "These two components of the female athlete tetrad put them at higher risk for the other two; the cardiovascular and bone density deficits of much older, postmenopausal women," according to Dr. Hoch, associate professor of orthopaedic surgery and director of the Froedtert & the Medical College Women's Sports Medicine Center, as explained in the news release, Ballerinas and female athletes share quadruple health threats."

Other studies have shown that 12 to 20 percent of products regularly used by athletes contain prohibited substances

Fréchette observed a particular interest by the athletes on the efficiency, legality and safety of those drugs. "No less than 81 percent of athletes taking supplements already had sufficient protein from their diet," says Fréchette in the news release, Protein supplements are misused by athletes. "The use of multivitamins and minerals can make up for an insufficient intake of calcium, folate yet not for lack of potassium."

What's more, consumers of supplements had levels of sodium, magnesium, niacin, folate, vitamin A and iron that exceeded the acceptable norms. "This makes them susceptible to health problems such as nausea, vision trouble, fatigue and liver anomalies," explains Fréchette in the news release. Also see the news release, "Protein handlers should be effective treatment target for cancer and Alzheimer's." Cancer and Alzheimer's have excess protein in common and scientists say learning more about how proteins are made and eliminated will lead to better treatment for both. Check out, "Study may explain how exercise improves heart function in diabetics."

Supplements even confuse athletes

Too many supplements may confuse athletes, according to the November 7, 2007 news release, "Supplements even confuse athletes." Many of us reach for over-the-counter vitamins and herbal remedies, such as Vitamin C and Echinacea, in a bid to ward off illnesses and improve health. But the vast array of supplements available and lack of industry regulation make it difficult for the average person to make an informed choice about taking supplements. Now a report published in the online open access publication, Nutrition Journal suggests that even athletes, who should be well informed as to how to stay in peak physical condition, frequently take supplements without realizing the potential benefits or side effects.

A research team, led by Andrea Petróczi of the School of Life Sciences at Kingston University, in South West London, UK re-analyzed surveys filled in by high performance athletes, representing over thirty different sports, for the 'UK Sport 2005 Drug Free Survey'. Three-fifths of athletes questioned took nutritional supplements, but the reasons given for taking them did not generally match up to the supplements' actual effects. Not surprisingly, given this result, the team also found that relatively few supplement users appeared to be taking supplements because of medical advice.

The results are worrisome because high doses of some supplements may damage health and contaminated products may even cause athletes to fail drug-screening tests. To help remedy this, the article recommends that education about the use of nutritional supplements should become a required part of the accreditation process for all sport coaches. Indeed, previous research has shown that the more information athletes have on supplements, the less likely they are to take them.

Nutritional supplements and incongruence

"Incongruence regarding nutritional supplements and their effects is alarming," says Petróczi. "Athletes seem to take supplements without an understanding of the benefits they can offer, or their side effects, suggesting that supplements may be used by high performing athletes without a clear, coherent plan." Check out the BioMed Central site.

You can read the original article, "Limited agreement exists between rationale and practice in athlethe's supplement use for maintenance of health: a restrospective study," Nutritional Journal. Authors are Andrea Petroczi, Declan P Naughton, Jason Mazanov, Allison Holloway and Jerry Bingham.

Sports doctors tout non-alcoholic wheat beer for athletes' health

'Be-MaGIC,' is the largest study of marathons world-wide, reveals positive effects on the immune system and against infection. Many amateur athletes have long suspected what research scientists for the Department of Preventative and Rehabilitative Sports Medicine of the Technische Universitaet Muenchen at Klinikum rechts der Isar have now made official.

Documented proof, gathered during the world's largest study of marathons, "Be-MaGIC" (beer, marathons, genetics, inflammation and the cardiovascular system), that the consumption of non-alcoholic weissbier, or wheat beer, has a positive effect on athletes' health, says a 2011 study. Under the direction of Dr. Johannes Scherr, physicians examined 277 test subjects three weeks before and two weeks after the 2009 Munich Marathon, according to the June 9, 2011 news release, "Sport doctors say non-alcoholic wheat beer boosts athletes' health."

The study focuses on the health risks for marathon runners and the potential positive effects of polyphenols. These aromatic compounds occur naturally in plants as pigment, flavor, or tannins, many of which have been credited with health-promoting and cancer-preventative properties.

Unique to this study was the combination of different polyphenols that were tested on the large pool of participants. The research team met the scientific requirements of the study by conducting a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial.

Positive effects of polyphenols on health researched

Non-alcoholic Erdinger wheat beer was selected as the test beverage, chosen for its rich and varied polyphenol content and its popularity with marathoners and tri-athletes. The "active" group drank up to 1.5 liters of the test beverage per day, while a second group consumed an equal amount of an otherwise indistinguishable placebo beverage that contained no polyphenols and was especially produced for the study.

One result from the study was the discovery that, after running a marathon race, athletes experience intensified inflammatory reactions. The immune system is thrown off balance and runners are much more likely to suffer from upper respiratory infections.

This heightened susceptibility to illness following strenuous sport activity has been identified as an "open window." Furthermore it was shown that non-alcoholic wheat beer containing polyphenols has a positive, health promoting effect on the human body: inflammation parameters in the blood were significantly reduced, and there was a lower frequency of infection with milder symptoms.

Inflammation reduced, the study notes

Reduced Inflammatory Reaction: Dr. Scherr, who also serves as physician to the German National Ski Team, explains in the news release that "The analysis of the leukocytes, or white blood cells, which constitute one of the most important parameters for inflammation, revealed values in the active group that were 20% lower than in the placebo group."

Support for the Immune System: Compounds in the test drink had a compensatory or balancing effect on the immune system. Dr Scherr explained according to the June 9, 2011 news release, Sport doctors say non-alcoholic wheat beer boosts athletes' health, "We were able to prove that it strengthens an immune system that has been weakened by physical stress. It also prevents the system from over-performing."

Do the polyphenols help to prevent colds?

Runners who drank the non-alcoholic wheat beer were up to three times less susceptible to infection than those in the placebo group. Dr. Scherr explains according to the news release, "Drinking the non-alcoholic test beverage reduces your risk of developing a cold by one third."

Regarding improvement with upper respiratory infections, the study noted that people in the active group who did succumb to a cold experienced a milder or briefer infection than those in the placebo group. Dr. Scherr explains in the news release, "Results showed a Number Needed to Treat (NNT) of eight. That means that for every eight people who had the test drink, one of them was prevented from succumbing to a cold."

Dr. Scherr explains in the news release, "The potential for foods containing polyphenols to have a positive effect on athletes' health has already been suggested in several articles. Nevertheless we were ourselves sometimes surprised at how clearly evident this was in the results. We now have scientific confirmation of those assumptions for this test beverage, with its particular combination of polyphenols, vitamins and minerals."

Dr. Scherr presented this study to the approximately 5,000 scientists, physicians, and trainers attending the world's largest congress for sports medicine in Denver (USA) hosted by the American College of Sports (ACSM) at the beginning of June 2011. The study is published in the January 2011 printed edition of the journal Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise (MSSE). See, Fighting Distance Runner Ailments with Non-Alcoholic Beer, American College of Sports Medicine. Also, check out, " Non-alcoholic beer boosts athlete health -"

Peter Liebert, Managing Director for Technology, Purchasing, Human Resources and Logistics for Erdinger Weissbräu, is pleased about the study results, according to the news release, "In brief, the Be-MaGIC study confirms the benefits for sport athletes and proves new health-promoting effects. Thus, Erdinger alcohol-free is proven to be more than just an isotonic thirst-quencher."

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