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209,000 jobs added to U.S. economy in July; unemployment at 6.2%

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The U.S. economy added 209,000 non-farm payroll jobs in July while the unemployment rate for the month rose slightly to 6.2 percent according to the latest Employment Situation Summary released by the Department of Labor’s Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) on Friday.

July was the 53rd consecutive month of private sector job growth with a total of approximately 9.9 million net jobs gained within the private sector over the 53-month period.

The May 2014 and June 2014 net job numbers were both revised upward from 224,000 to 229,000 and from 288,000 to 298,000, respectively.

Most of the 198,000 private sector added jobs for the month were in the professional and business services, retail, manufacturing, construction and leisure and hospitality sectors.

Out of the government sector’s 11,000 job gain, the federal government had little to no change in jobs overall while state governments shed 1,000 jobs and local governments added 12,000 jobs throughout the month.

The other reported indicators were mixed for the month, either remaining unchanged or improving. The number of long-term unemployed (7.2 million) and the number of involuntary part-time workers (7.5 million) had little change in July; meanwhile the civilian labor force participation rate edged up 0.1 percent to 62.9 percent. In comparison to July 2013 the number of workers marginally attached to the workforce dropped by 236,000 to a total of 2.2 million for the month and the number of discouraged workers also decreased by 247,000 to a 741,000 total.

Following is an approximate breakdown of net job growth within the major private industry sectors and the government sector for July 2014:

• Construction: +22,000
• Financial Activities: +7,000
• Education and Health Services: +17,000
• Information: +2,000
• Leisure and Hospitality: +21,000
• Manufacturing: +28,000
• Mining and Logging: +8,000
• Other Services: +7,000
• Professional and Business Services: +47,000
• Retail Trade: +26,700
• Transportation and Warehousing: +7,900
• Utilities: +1,200
• Wholesale Trade: +2,700
• Government: +11,000

The average work week for private sector non-farm jobs remained at 34.5 hours though the manufacturing sector average work dropped by 0.2 hours to 40.9 hours. In July the average hourly wages for all private non-farm employees increased slightly by 1 cent to $24.45. In general, hourly wages have increased on average by 2.0 percent over the past year, the report noted.

In his blog on Friday White House Council of Economic Advisers Chairman Jason Furman stated,

“Total job growth exceeded 200,000 for the sixth straight month in July, the first time that has happened since 1997. This encouraging trend in the labor market is consistent with other recent economic indicators, including the strong second-quarter GDP growth reported on Wednesday. To ensure this momentum can be sustained, the President is pressing Congress to act to create jobs and expand opportunity, while simultaneously using his own executive authority to encourage investment in the United States, boost the income of working families, and ensure safe and fair treatment of American workers.”

The “August 2014 Employment Situation Summary” is scheduled to be released by the BLS on Friday, September 5, 2014.

Sources:

Employment Situation Summary.” bls.gov. U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. 1 August 2014. Web. 1 August 2014.

Furman, Jason. “The Employment Situation in July.” whitehouse.gov. The White House. 1 August 2014. Web. 1 August 2014.

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