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2014 Atlantic tropical storm and hurricane names. History of naming

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The 2014 preselected list of names for Tropical Storms and Hurricanes for the Atlantic Basin:

1. Arthur

2. Bertha

3. Cristobal

4. Dolly

5. Edouard

6. Fay

7. Gonzalo

8. Hanna

9. Isaias

10. Josephine

11. Kyle

12. Laura

13. Marco

14. Nana

15. Omar

16. Paulette

17. Rene

18. Sally

19. Teddy

20. Vicky

21. Wilfred

The Atlantic basin includes the Atlantic Ocean, Caribbean Sea, and Gulf of Mexico. The normal season begins on June 1 and ends November 30. Occasionally a storm might fall out of season in May or December, but that is rare.

Naming a tropical cyclone

A storm gets a name when it becomes a tropical storm. By definition that is when sustained winds reach 39-73 mph, but public reports from the National Hurricane Center are given in 5 and 0. So a storm will be reported with a name when winds reach 40 mph or higher. Hurricanes have winds of 74 mph, but for the same reason, public reports would show it at 75 mph. The category of a storm is based on the Saffir-Simpson Scale. Check back for more on that in a later report.

Naming storms givens a sense of order and even personality to these storms. In fact, they do tend to have their unique qualities, but the names help to identify systems for research, historical, and even insurance purposes. In 1953, the United States began naming storms alphabetically with primarily female names. Originally it was Navy meteorologists who tracked them across the wide expanse of water. Legend has it that while holding some sense of humor, these names were originally attributed to ex-girlfriends.

How names are decided

In 1979, male names were introduced and alternated with female names. The World Meteorological Organization is responsible for the process. There is a list of names for 6 years. One year starts with male names, the next starts with a female name, and so on. Every six years the same list of names repeats. So if some sound familiar, there is a good reason. However, if a storm is notably costly or deadly, it may be retired. If it is decided at an annual WMO meeting to warrant it, then a name is removed and a new one with the same letter is put in its place. See a list of retired storm names for each year in the slide show on the left.

Letters not used

Only 21 names are included on each list, for popularity purposes. The letters not included in the list since there are not enough acceptable replacements are:

Q, U, X, Y, Z

Greek Alphabet

If the 21 names are used up and the tropical season continues, then the Greek Alphabet takes over. This has only happened once, in 2005. That record year the naming went up to Zeta (27 storms).

Retired Names

Once a storm does significant damage, it will be retired from the list. The World Meteorological Organization will decide what new name will replace that old letter. In 2012, Sandy was the only name retired. See a list here of all of the other retired names by year.

Related Articles:

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Tropical Storm formation history: Storm origin maps every 10 days of season

Superstorm Sandy Related Articles:

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Hurricane Sandy wipes out Ocean City Fishing Pier. Time lapse video

Hurricane Sandy and The Chesapeake Bay in Maryland

Did Sandy’s former eye pass through Maryland? Radar shows it over Baltimore

The snow side of Sandy

Hurricane Sandy floods the coast. One model shows snow wrapping in behind the storm

Rumors of a perfect storm or a whole lot of nothing from TS Sandy

Hurricane Sandy puts Maryland in State of Emergency, devastating impacts beyond

*Kid Weather App:

Learn more cool things like this about weather. See the app I made with my son who is now in 1st grade. We have over 400 items of trivia plus live weather and forecasts for kids. See more and links for your device at kidweatherapp.com

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