If you spend time on the internet, or keep up with the latest trends and news in the world of cyberspace and IT, you are probably familiar with the concept of hacking. Hacking is a technique used by cybercriminals to confiscate personal data, including passwords and financial information. If you have been the unlucky victim of a hacking attack, you know all too well how much damage hacking can do in a short amount of time.
Consequences of Hacking
Hacking scams have the potential to disrupt business for days, weeks, and even longer. Hackers may cripple business by confiscating private data, controlling private computers or corporate networks, or shutting down websites. No business, regardless of whether it is a small, family-owned operation or multinational corporation, is immune from hacking attacks without taking defensive measures.
Measures To Protecting Yourself
Fortunately, there are several measures you can take to prevent web scraping attacks. Evaluating your user credentials to determine their strength is one easy and effective way to discourage attackers. You can also test for breaches in account settings, and make account management controls tighter. When you or your employees log in to various websites with a user ID and password, you can make sure that their session’s time out after a period of inactivity. It is also a good idea to never check boxes allowing computers to remember your user name and password for the next session, as that information then becomes much easier for hackers to find and retrieve. Since hackers use bots to access and exploit targeted systems, you can detect bad bots and stop hacking before it stops you.
How do Hackers Attack?
Hackers can launch attacks in many ways. With ever-evolving technology, new methods and channels of attack from hackers emerge constantly. There are many ways they carry out these attacks, and some are more readily used than others.
1. Injection Attacks: Here, hackers gain unauthorized access to personal data stored on corporate websites, such as social security information, credit card information, and other financial data through weak spots in SQL databases, libraries, or a weak operating system.
2. Cross Site Scripting Attacks: These hacking attacks occur when hackers manipulate an application, URL, or encrypted file packet and send it to a targeted web browser’s window, bypassing the legal validation process. The targeted host XSS script is deceived, and interprets the infected file as a legal and safe one. In turn, it grants access to the targeted computer or network, and the hacking attack is made complete.
3. Broken Authentication and Session Management: These attacks occur if the targeted computer or network has a weak or outdated user authentication and recognition system. Adequate and functional user authentication programs have passwords, session IDs that time out automatically after a period of inactivity, cookies, management keys and access codes. However, like physical security measures, electronic security systems can be breached. Cybercriminals gain access to vulnerable authentication systems. They steal passwords, financial data, and other personal material. Once hackers gain access to computers through breaches in authentication system firewalls, they take control of the host computer (or computers) and take the end user’s identity.
4. Parameter Tampering: Hackers attack using this method by gaining administrative access to systems and changing default settings. Tampering can be discouraged by routinely re-setting and changing passwords and fixing loopholes.
5. Brutal Force: These attacks use key matches to decrypt and change messages or passwords. They are slow, but effective, and are used by amateur hackers.
6. DDOS: Hackers execute DDOS attacks by taking down or paralyzing websites. They do this by overloading the system, rather than by gaining access.
7. SQL Injection: These attacks involve manipulating and altering SQL statements to exploit security breaches. Attackers alter queries and passwords protecting databases, and work their way into systems.
8. ClickJacking: These attacks occur when hackers use several techniques to trick targeted systems into granting them access without passwords or security codes. This attack uses a combination of techniques, such as iframes (Inline Frames) and textboxes.
9. DNS Cache Poisoning: This attack spreads and replicates across systems. It uses old, cached data to trick domain names into allowing access to malicious worms and spyware, which cripples the host system and allows hackers to gain access.
10. Social Engineering Attacks: These attacks involve hackers gaining access to personal data through security breaches in a system. They assume false identities, often as computer experts, and steal any valuable data they find.
Hacking is a threat to virtually anyone who uses a computer. Whether you are online for personal transactions, including paying bills and making purchases, or you own a company and use the web for sales, data storage, and completing financial transactions, you face a risk of attack from hackers if you do not adequately defend your computer system.