Born Betty Joan Perske in New York in 1924, Lauren Bacall shot to stardom at the tender age of 19 when she made her very first screen appearance in "To Have and Have Not" (1944). Bacall's husky voice and knowing gaze were part of her appeal, but her chemistry both on and off screen with costar Humphrey Bogart would become legendary. They went on to star in several more pictures together and were married in 1945; their son, Stephen, was born in 1949, and daughter Leslie followed in 1952. Bacall had a career of her own apart from her iconic spouse, and she continued to work in Hollywood long after Bogart's death in 1957. A second marriage to actor Jason Robards produced another son, Sam, who followed his parents' footsteps into a screen career. When Lauren Bacall died on August 12, 2014, she left behind some 70 film and television performances, including voice work later in life that introduced her distinctive sound to new generations of fans. Here are ten classic movies where you can catch Lauren Bacall at her best.
1) "To Have and Have Not" (1944) - Bacall teaches Bogart how to whistle as a sexy pickpocket in a dangerous wartime port in this classic adapted from the work of Ernest Hemingway. Howard Hawks directs the action, and Walter Brennan costars.
2) "The Big Sleep" (1946) - Bogart stars as noir detective Philip Marlowe, while Bacall plays the love interest from a wealthy but troubled family. Martha Vickers plays Bacall's sister in this twisted tale from hard-boiled novelist Raymond Chandler.
3) "Dark Passage" (1947) - Bacall falls for Bogart as a man who gets a new face in order to find out who framed him for his wife's murder. Agnes Moorehead also makes a memorable appearance in this film from director Delmer Daves.
4) "Key Largo" (1948) - Bogart's war veteran turns up at the home of a dead friend's wife just in time to become caught in a huge storm and a fatal encounter with a gang of mobsters. Edward G. Robinson also stars, and Claire Trevor won an Oscar for Best Supporting Actress.
5) "How to Marry a Millionaire" (1953) - Bacall joins Betty Grable and Marilyn Monroe in this fun romantic comedy about three working girls trying to land rich husbands but falling for love instead. William Powell costars as an attractive older gentleman who seems to be everything Bacall's jaded character thinks she wants.
6) "Blood Alley" (1955) - John Wayne steps in as Bacall's leading man in this Asian adventure from director William A. Wellman.
7) "Designing Woman" (1957) - Bacall teams up with Gregory Peck for a romantic comedy directed by Vincente Minnelli. The picture won an Oscar for Best Screenplay.
8) "Harper" (1966) - Bacall returns to hard-boiled material in this adaptation of a novel by Ross Macdonald, with Paul Newman as the tough title character. The supporting cast includes Julie Harris, Janet Leigh, Robert Wagner, and Shelley Winters.
9) "Murder on the Orient Express" (1974) - Bacall joins a huge all-star cast for Sidney Lumet's adaptation of the Agatha Christie mystery. Albert Finney leads as Belgian detective Hercule Poirot; other notable stars are Ingrid Bergman, Martin Balsam, Sean Connery, John Gielgud, Wendy Hiller, Anthony Perkins, Vanessa Redgrave, and Richard Widmark. The picture earned six Oscar nominations, including a Best Actor nod for Finney, but Bergman proved the only winner as Best Supporting Actress.
10) "The Shootist" (1976) - Bacall reunites with John Wayne for the Western star's final film; Jimmy Stewart and Ron Howard also star. Don Siegel directs an emotional elegy for the end of an era, with Wayne giving a moving performance that he knew would be his swan song.
Bacall earned the only Oscar nomination of her career in 1997 for "The Mirror Has Two Faces" (1996). In 2010, however, the Academy presented her with an honorary award. For more films from her later years, see "Misery" (1990), "My Fellow Americans" (1996), and "Dogville" (2003).